Jakob Friedrich Fries, 1773 - 1843

Jakob Friedrich Fries was an important German philosopher whose response to Immanuel Kant explained previously misunderstood paradoxes of Kant's transcendental system.  In his insightful three-volume work Neue oder anthropologische Kritik der Vernunft, or "New or Anthropological Critique of Reason" (1807), Fries attempted to give a new foundation of psychological analysis to Kant's critical theory and to reconcile these ideas with the philosophy of Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi.  For a proper understanding of Kant's system and approach, the evaluation of Fries cannot afford to be ignored.