(Johann Christoph) Friedrich (von) Schiller, 1759 - 1805

Friedrich Schiller was a German dramatist, lyric poet, and historian who was admired by the New England Transcendentalists for his recurring theme of liberty and dignity for all.  Schiller influenced Margaret Fuller, who taught German using his works, John Sullivan Dwight, who translated Lied von der Glocke (1799), James Freeman Clarke, who translated Die Jungfrau von Orleans (1801), and Charles T. Brooks, who translated Wilhelm Tell (1804).  Frederic Henry Hedge found the German Romanticism of Schiller's works useful in articulating the tenets of Transcendentalism and wrote about him for the Christian Examiner.
Schiller has been written about as follows by Octavius Brooks Frothingham, the first historian of American Transcendentalism.
From Schiller's correspondence with Goethe, Carlyle quotes the following tribute to the Kantean philosophy: "From the opponents of the new philosophy I expect not that tolerance which is shown to every other system no better seen into than this; for Kant's philosophy itself, in its leading points, practises no tolerance, and bears much too rigorous a character to leave any room for accommodation.  But in my eyes this does it honor, proving how little it can endure to have truth tampered with.  Such a philosophy will not be shaken to pieces by a mere shake of the head.  In the open, clear, accessible field of inquiry it builds up its system, seeks no shade, makes no reservation, but even as it treats its neighbors, so it requires to be treated, and may be forgiven for lightly esteeming everything but proofs.  Nor am I terrified to think that the law of change, from which no human and no divine work finds grace, will operate on this philosophy as on every other, and one day its form will be destroyed, but its foundations will not have this fate to fear, for ever since mankind has existed, and any reason among mankind, these same first principles have been admitted, and on the whole, acted on."